Jet, March 22, 1962
On the cover: Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth, civil rights activist
Fred Shuttlesworth was a civil rights pioneer, a co-founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the architect of the 1963 Campaign C protests in Birmingham. He once vowed to “kill segregation or be killed by it,” and was bombed and beaten and survived several murder attempts. As one commentator said, “he didn’t become a martyr, but it wasn’t for lack of trying.” Shuttlesworth passed away on October 5, 2011 at the age of 89.